पृष्ठ:Sakuntala in Hindi.pdf/१२०

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101
[ACT I.
NOTES TO THE SAKUNTALA.

101 NOTES TO THE SAKUNTALA. [ACTI. 22. bhar iliomatically follows substantives! Mr. Platis, in his scholarly Udi Grammar of time, to express the full or complete pt- 1] 193), considers it a true lalive, desired viorl mentioned. Sometimes, too, as here, from the Sniskrit hmitean opinion in which it has the force of "single.y Trenst.! the learned Dr. Trumpp concurs. On the witliin one minute." other hand, Dr. P. Hall, first among Hindit 23. betokens likeness, semblance. Lit. scholars, Ireals it (Hindi Reader, p. 139) as these which were apparently joinel," iPthe inffectel form of the genitive. For try "thase which seemel !L EDunected whole." many reasons, I am strongly of opinion that 21. Lit. through the swiftness. of the it is a title genitive; am this conclusion is wheels there was no interval at all, for a short fortifiel by the fact tnt, in the sentences in time, indeed, between the far all the lear." which it occus, it generally expresses pos- 25. The plur.is ofieln thus used for the sing. session or endowment, and this is elearty one 26. Transi. the fleer is within bow-shot." forun of the genitive idea. This uncertainty 27. This tutt may be here rendered “ to be as to the origin of the inflexion, however, Sure" flous duty to that stight change of Causes no difficulty in its application; the voice with which, in English, the subject ofphrase before us meaning " May there be of ajihrase is, nt limes, emphasized. Foila son," &c., or "May there bc to youn 28. Hi here introduces the direct formson," &e. it., " May you have a sou like of speech, Yourself, imperial and virtuous!" And so 240. See note 17. | in other such cases. It is worthy of remark 30, flere the present participle is used, that, in such constructious, the genitive (uot because the charioteer stops the horses dative) is cmployed in Bangath. simultaneously with his signifying obser 36. " Boring." vanee of the king's ordler, 37. Elliplic for sireaty matte par hai. Ac- Bl. Ilere the future is used as a sub_cording to Hindu belief one's fate is written junctive, the stise being “ the arrow tlinton the forehearl (see Hindi Realer, line 984), should strike his tender body foulel be as if | The compliment is that a Brihinan's word is tire were to catch a heap of cotton." Jo aul | fate. sonic promonus. 3. Kanwa was a descendant of Kusuna, 2. This use of lahan is highly jilioma-whom the Hindus regard as the attail father tic. It indicates very great disarity of the inferior gals anal demons, of men, between the objects spoken of Transi. fishes, and, indeed, all animals, hy his twelry " What n contrast between thsthnder-bolt | Wives. Kalwa, firom his ancestry and superior of an arrow and the briet life of this crea- piety, scerns to have been recognized ns chief ture!" Hmong the thermits residing on the banks of 33. Namaskar kavhe, f making an obei the Malini. sance," or "with an obeisanee." 30. “Shonld you have an opportunity." 34. Pun was the sixth in descent from 40. Present part = " being," " having Buxilia, the son of the Moon: he married existenee." The sense is, useeing our sacreal a ughter of King Satynvrata, und was rites yoing on without inpediment, you will preserved from the general deluge by Vishun. also perceive,' &e. Dushyanta was descended from this renowned | 41. The use of the 2nd pers. plural with prince, and is, therefore, called “ the lamp of the honorific app is considered by many writers the nee of Puru." as incli gant, but will be found to o ur 35. Muell uncertainty prevails as to the fiequently in this play, and in other Hindi origin of the when used as here. Native | books. Custom may, ultimately, improve grammarians think it a separate postprosition, | its present character. Eruivalent to the Persianta, uto3;"aud 4 2.lkitne is exclamational. Transl. How