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Help:Tables
    Formatting options for simple and complex table.

    A wikitable is an arrangement of columns and rows used to organize and position data. Tables are useful, and there are many ways and tricks that can be used. By design this page covers only the basics of table usage, more extensive direction and examples are available at Metawiki m:Help:Table and Wikipedia w:Help:Table or w:Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Tables. A section on Wikisource specific formatting for tables used for typography and layout is also included here.

    For a better understanding of how tables offer flexible formatting options, adjust the width of your browser window while observing the changes to the examples below. The Complex example is particularly interesting.


    Wiki table markup summary[सम्पादन]

    {|
    
    table start
    |+
    
    table caption, optional; only between table start and first table row
    |-
    
    table row, optional on first row -- wiki engine assumes the first row
    !
    
    table header cell, optional. Consecutive table header cells may be added on same line separated by double marks (!!) or start on new lines, each with its own single mark (!).
    |
    
    table data cell, required! Consecutive table data cells may be added on same line separated by double marks (||) or start on new lines, each with its own single mark (|).
    |}
    
    table end
    • The above marks must start on a new line except the double || and !! for optionally adding consecutive cells to a line. However, blank spaces at the beginning of a line are ignored.
    • XHTML attributes. Each mark, except table end, optionally accepts one or more XHTML attributes. Attributes must be on the same line as the mark. Separate attributes from each other with a single space.
      • Cells and caption (| or ||, ! or !!, and |+) hold content. So separate any attributes from content with a single pipe (|). Cell content may follow on same line or on following lines.
      • Table and row marks ({| and |-) do not directly hold content. Do not add pipe (|) after their optional attributes. If a pipe is added improperly after attributes for the table mark or row mark, the parser will delete it and any final attribute that was touching the improper pipe!
    • Content may (a) follow its cell mark on the same line after any optional XHTML attributes or (b) on lines below the cell mark. Content that uses wiki markup that itself needs to start on a new line, such as lists, headings, or nested tables, must be on its own new line.
    • Escaping to insert a pipe (|) character into a table use the <nowiki> markup

    Simple Examples[सम्पादन]

    A simple table[सम्पादन]

    {|
    | A simple table
    |}
    

    As it appears in a browser:

    A simple table


    A more complex example[सम्पादन]

    {| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; width:80%;"
    |+ Table caption
    |-
    |
    ! scope="col" | Header col. A
    ! scope="col" | Header col. B
    ! scope="col" | Header col. C
    ! scope="col" | Header col. D
    |-
    ! scope="row" | Header row 1
    |cell R1-A
    |cell R1-B
    |cell R1-C
    |cell R1-D
    |-
    ! scope="row" | Header row 2
    |cell R2-A
    |cell R2-B
    |cell R2-C
    |cell R2-D
    |-
    ! scope="row" | Header row 3
    |cell R3-A
    |cell R3-B
    |cell R3-C
    |cell R3-D
    |-
    ! scope="row" | Header row 4
    |cell R4-A
    |cell R4-B
    |cell R4-C
    |cell R4-D
    |}
    

    As it appears in a browser:

    Table caption
    Header col. A Header col. B Header col. C Header col. D
    Header row 1 cell R1-A cell R1-B cell R1-C cell R1-D
    Header row 2 cell R2-A cell R2-B cell R2-C cell R2-D
    Header row 3 cell R3-A cell R3-B cell R3-C cell R3-D
    Header row 4 cell R4-A cell R4-B cell R4-C cell R4-D

    Formatting for Effect[सम्पादन]

    This section address the use of tables for the recreation of printed typography and layout on Wikisource. As a general rule Wikisource does not attempt to recreate the identical formatting of the original published work. The conversion from print to electronic formatting means the work will be available on a multitude of different devices with differing screen sizes so for the most part it is counter productive to attempt to recreate to the limitations of printing on paper. At the same time, occasionally a portion of a printed work is created specifically with the limitations of paper in mind, which must be maintained in order to convey the intended meaning to the reader.

    • Template:Table style lists multiple choices for formatting cells, rows and columns in tables. These shortcuts are designed specifically for use on Wikisource.
    Column 1 Column 2 Column 3
    A B
    C D
    E F
    G
    H
    {| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
    |-
    | Column 1 || Column 2 || Column 3
    |-
    | rowspan="2"| A
    | colspan="2" align="center"| B
    |-
    | C <!-- column 1 occupied by cell A -->
    | D 
    |-
    | E
    | rowspan="2" colspan="2" align="center"| F
    |- 
    | G <!-- column 2+3 occupied by cell F -->
    |- 
    | colspan="3" align="center"| H
    |}
    

    Simple[सम्पादन]

    Good example of table used to force layout used in Wikisource From Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/392

    Text[सम्पादन]

    Nom. Sing.—— Base —— Declension Singular Plural Nom. —— —— Gen. —— —— Dat. —— —— Ace. —— —— Abl. —— ——

    Columns[सम्पादन]






    Nom.
    Gen.
    Dat.
    Ace.
    Abl.





    Singular
    ————
    ————
    ————
    ————
    ————

    Nom. Sing.——
    Base——
    Declension





    Plural
    ————
    ————
    ————
    ————
    ————





    Tables[सम्पादन]

    • Design notes
      • 3 columns
      • 9 rows
        • 3 rows / 3 columns wide (colspan="3"), center align (align="center")
        • 1 row / first cell empty / last 2 left align
        • 5 rows / left align
    • Formatting highlights
    {| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
    |-
    | colspan="3" align="center"| 1 of 3
    |-
    | colspan="3" align="center"| 2 of 3
    |-
    | colspan="3" align="center"| 3 of 3
    |-
    | || Column 2 || Column 3
    |-
    | Column 1 || Column 2 || Column 3
    |-
    |}
    
    
    1 of 3
    2 of 3
    3 of 3
    Column 2 Column 3
    Column 1 Column 2 Column 3


    Nom. Sing.——
    Base ——
    Declension
    Singular Plural
    Nom. _____ _____
    Gen. _____ _____
    Dat. _____ _____
    Ace. _____ _____
    Abl. _____ _____

    Moderate[सम्पादन]

    From Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/401

    Text[सम्पादन]

    Verb Present Infinitive Present Stem sing. plur. Indicative Mood Present Imperfect Tense sign -bā- Future Tense signs I, II, -bi-, III, IV, -ā-, -ē- Imperative Mood Present

    Columns[सम्पादन]

    Verb







    Indicative Mood







    Imperative Mood













    [[:User:|Present Infinitive]]


    Present



    Imperfect Tense sign -bā-



    Future Tense signs I, II, -bi-, III, IV, -ā-, -ē-


    Present













    [[:User:|Present Stem]]
    sing.

    1.————
    2.————
    3.————

    1.————
    2.————
    3.————

    1.————
    2.————
    3.————



    2.————


    plur.

    1.————
    2.————
    3.————

    1.————
    2.————
    3.————

    1.————
    2.————
    3.————



    2.————



    Tables[सम्पादन]

    • Design notes
      • 4 columns
      • 12 rows
        • row 1 / first cell, single / second cell, single / 3&4 join
        • row 2 / first 2 cells empty / last 2 singles
        • row 3-11 column 1 Join (rowspan="9")
        • row 3-5 join column 2 single / last 2 singles
        • row 6-8 join column 2 single / last 2 singles
        • row 9-11 join column 2 single / last 2 singles
        • row 12 / first cell, single / column 2 single / last 2 singles
    • Formatting Highlights (abbreviated version), This example does not add width or height to the empty cells, they are added in the complex example.
    {| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
    |-
    | Column 1 || Column 2 || colspan="2"|Column 3 & 4
    |-
    | rowspan="3" | Row 1 - 3, Column 1 || Column 2 || Column 3 || Column 4
    |-
    |  Column 2 || Column 3 || Column 4
    |-
    |  Column 2 || Column 3 || Column 4
    |-
    |}
    


    Verb Present Infinitive Present Stem
    sing. plur.
    Indicative Mood Present Infinitive
    Imperfect Tense sign -bā-
    Future Tense signs I, II, -bi-, III, IV, -ā-, -ē-
    Imperative Mood Present

    Complex[सम्पादन]

    From Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/407

    Text[सम्पादन]

    Verb

    Prin. Parts

    Stems

    Active Voice Passive Voice

    Pres. Stem Perf. Stem Pres. Stem Perf. Stem

    Indicative Indicative

    Pres. Perf. Pres. Perf.

    Impf. (-bā-) Plup. (-erā-) Impf. (-bā-) Plup.

    Fut.(-bi- or -ā- and -ē-) Fut. Perf. (-eri-) Fut.(-bi- or -ā- and -ē-) Fut. Perf.

    Imperative Imperative

    Pres. Pres.

    Infinitive Infinitive

    Pres. Perf. Pres. Perf.

    Fut. (Part. Stem)

    Columns[सम्पादन]

    Verb
    Prin. Parts
    Stems
    Active Voice Passive Voice
    Pres. Stem Perf. Stem Pres. Stem Perf. Stem
    Indicative Indicative
    Pres. 1. — — Perf. 1. — — Pres. 1. — — Perf. 1. — —
    2. — — 2. — — 2. — — 2. — —
    3. — — 3. — — 3. — — 3. — —
    Impf.
    (-bā-)
    1. — — Plup.
    (-erā-)
    1. — — Impf.
    (-bā-)
    1. — — Plup.
    (-erā-)
    1. — —
    2. — — 2. — — 2. — — 2. — —
    3. — — 3. — — 3. — — 3. — —
    Fut.
    (-bi- or
    -ā- and -ē-)
    1. — — Fut.
    Perf.

    (-eri-)
    1. — — Fut.
    (-bi- or
    -ā- and -ē-)
    1. — — Fut.
    Perf.

    (-eri-)
    1. — —
    2. — — 2. — — 2. — — 2. — —
    3. — — 3. — — 3. — — 3. — —
    Imperative   Imperative  
    Pres. 2. — —   Pres. 2. — —  
    Infinitive Infinitive
    Pres. Perf. Pres. Perf.
    Fut. (Part. Stem)  

    Tables[सम्पादन]

    • Formatting Highlights (abbreviated version),
    {| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
    |-
    | colspan="8" |Columns 1 - 8
    |-
    | colspan="2" | Columns 1 & 2  || colspan="2" | Columns 3 & 4 || colspan="2" | Columns 5 & 6 || colspan="2" | Columns 7 & 8
    |-
    | colspan="4" | {{center|{{sc|Columns 1 - 4}}}} <!-- To many commands for using double pipe (||) breaks with imbedded templates -->
    | colspan="4" | {{center|{{sc|Columns 5 - 8}}}}
    |- 
    | colspan="4" align="center" | {{sc|Columns 1 - 4}} || colspan="4" align="center" | {{sc|Columns 5 - 8}} <!--Formatting cell to center, double pipe (||) breaks ok -->
    |- style="height:2em" <!-- setting height with em makes it twice the height of the font, which as it is not set by a table parameter is the user/browser setting -->
    | rowspan="3"| {{sc|Column 1, row 5 - 7}} || || rowspan="3"| {{sc|Column 3, row 5 - 7}} ||  || rowspan="3"| {{sc|Column 5, row 5 - 7}} || || rowspan="3"| {{sc|Column 7, row 5 - 7}} ||  
    |- style="height:2em"
    |  ||  ||  || 
    |- style="height:2em"
    |  width="12.5%"| || width="12.5%"| || width="12.5%"| || width="12.5%"| <!-- Give width to empty cells, only required on one row -->
    |}
    


    Columns 1 - 8
    Columns 1 & 2 Columns 3 & 4 Columns 5 & 6 Columns 7 & 8

    Columns 1 - 4

    Columns 5 - 8

    Columns 1 - 4 Columns 5 - 8
    Column 1, row 5 - 7 Column 3, row 5 - 7 Column 5, row 5 - 7 Column 7, row 5 - 7


    • Full Example


    Verb

    Prin. Parts
    Stems

    Active Voice

    Passive Voice

    Pres. Stem Perf. Stem Pres. Stem Perf. Stem
    Indicative Indicative
    Pres. Perf. Pres. Perf.
    Impf. (-bā-) Plup. (-erā-) Impf. (-bā-) Plup.
    Fut.(-bi- or -ā- and -ē-) Fut. Perf. (-eri-) Fut.(-bi- or -ā- and -ē-) Fut. Perf.

    Imperative

    Imperative

    Pres. Pres.

    Infinitive

    Infinitive

    Pres. Perf. Pres. Perf.
    Fut. (Part. Stem)

    Spanning Pages[सम्पादन]

    When a single table spans two printed pages, the desire is to have both pages appear correctly in both the Page: namespace, and when it's transcluded.

    Use the header and the footer to close and open the tables in the page name space, when transcluded it will read as one table.

    Example: Page:The Works of Lord Byron (ed. Coleridge, Prothero) - Volume 2.djvu/25 has the closing of the first page in the footer. While Page:The Works of Lord Byron (ed. Coleridge, Prothero) - Volume 2.djvu/26 has the opening of the second page in the header. Which causes it to function as one table on The Works of Lord Byron (ed. Coleridge, Prothero)/Poetry/Volume 2/Childe Harold's Pilgrimage.

    See: Tables across page breaks

    Adding CSS Styles[सम्पादन]

    The Table Style template allows fine-grain styling of tables and table cells. For example {{ts|bl.|brd|ac|xs|}} sets a cell to have a left dotted border, a double right border, text center aligned and 69% font size.

    xxx Cell contents yyy

    See also[सम्पादन]

    Other wikis[सम्पादन]