पृष्ठ:Sakuntala in Hindi.pdf/१२१

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ACT I.] NOTES TO THE SAKUNTALI. 105 matly are the good prople preserved by this agrering with the substantive to which it is Hly arm, ou which are the adorning marks of joined, not witli any other to which it may be the twanging bow-string!" suppused adjective. Lit. "how like a line 43. See note 6. | it is continueil upon the river!" 44. d is considered as peculiar to Urdu, 60. This aliudes to the practice of digging but will frequently be found in this play. small trenches by the roots ofuees. to conduct 4. Lit."to obviate the (Imalign) influence the water lear them from wells. of her etars." There was a presentiment of Gl. ho rahi hai and bandhrahi hai,just some calamity about to happen to Sakuntala. above, are instances of the tense called by 46. Somatirtha is a place of pilgrimage __ Hindus tathilit varttamaz, “ the mesent of in the west of India, on the coast of Gujarat, then, it. of a former iime. hearthe celebrated temple of Somnath, rhose 62. Transl. "the kusa-grass of which gates are said to have been carried away by place,"se. Mahul of Ghazni, and were brought back 63. " Very leisurely." by Lord Ellenborough in 1842. 64. Here the last tense is used where, in 47. achchha is here advertial. English, the present would be employed. 48. Notice this use of the present tense to 65. With the infinitive, chahiye has the express the future. It indicates readiness. sense of must." "One must not be disre- 49. Transl. she will tell the arch-sagespectinl to," &c. the greatiness of my piety;" 6G. See note 1. 50. See note 21. 67. harte is here a conjunctive parti- 5. Notice the use of hathichit here ; it ciple. supports conditionals. " [Though] perchance d . A negative is commonly insertedl in 110 oue hail pointed it out," &c. phrinses such as this; the sense being "as long 2. dise agrees with chihn: "What indi- as I may not be returned," ie. “ until I do cntills of this kindl have you seen?" shortly, return." • Hot so!" 69. Notice the interposition of aur ber 3. Votice that the dative is required with tween two participles which are callel "coll- dilkhairend. junctive," because they are supposed 10 54. Hingot is a corruption of the Sanskrit obviute the use of conjunctions. A coll- ingth, the Terminalia catappa. From the junction is properly inserted because the truit of this plant oil is extractel, with second action does not arise out of the first. vhich Indian ascetics anoint their budies, There are many other like instatices in the ant which they burn in their lamps. course of the play. 5. Lii. "getting (meeting with, or hear 10. Tbrobbings in the right arm or right ing) my noise." ere-lid of a man were thought to presage 56. banni firequently, as here, signifies good fortune; similar feelings on the lett " to continue, to remain, to be.” Transt. sile were of ominous import. Throbbing of "thes keep intent on their sports just as they the right arm, as in the text, specially indi. irere before." cated union witlia beautiful woman. 57. Asceties wore dresses made of bark. 71. Notice the infinitive, "What result Fragments were necessarily detachel, when is to be from," &c. they were washed in the river. The Sanskrit 72. kuchh refers to striyn. Lit. "a voice test iliffirs completely from this as if of some women." 08. Repeated to express dispersion, be- 73. anusar generally, but not always, eause different pieces ofchhilhi are spoken of is preceded by he. The scuse is, "each ac. shis often alded in this way, to sub- cording to he strength." stantives, to exress " likeuess, similitarle," 74.Sce note 1.